Item 12.2 - Attachment 1

SIA Procedure for AHSEPP DA


Procedure for submitting a Social Impact Assessment as part of a development application made under SEPP (Affordable Rental Housing) 2009



·     Council is committed to the process of social impact assessment (SIA) as a means of considering social issues more comprehensively and consistently in its planning and decision making.


·     Demand for a greater focus on social impacts has been driven by:

o  A changing demographic profile and pressures arising form inner urban life and the growth and positioning of Parramatta as Sydney’s second CBD

o  Increasing awareness of planning authorities to apply social criteria in making decisions about development and land use

o  Increasing emphasis by Council and the community on sustainability



·     This procedure applies to development applications being submitted under the Affordable Housing State Environmental Planning Policy (SEPP) 2009 that are for infill or boarding house developments. Secondary dwelling development proposals are exempt.



3.1 Definition

·     Impact assessment is a method for predicting and assessing the consequences of a proposed action or initiative before a decision is made.


·     Social Impact Assessment (SIA) refers to the assessment of the social consequences of a proposed decision or action (development proposals, plans, policies, and projects) on affected groups of people and on their way of life, life chances, health, culture, and capacity to sustain these.


3.2 Purpose

·     Social issues cover all aspects of human life including how we live, our culture, our community, our health and wellbeing and our aspirations.


·     Having a SIA procedure attached to DA’s under the AHSEPP 2009 allows Council to:

o  Ensure social impacts are considered in Council decision making

o  Enhance consistency and transparency in Council’s assessment of the social impacts of proposed development

o  Maximise positive social impacts and minimise negative social impacts of land use plans and development

o  Base Council decision making on developments meeting environmental, social and economic sustainability outcomes.


3.3 SIA Methodology

·     The SIA process involves identifying, analysing, monitoring, and managing the social consequences, both positive and negative, of a proposed decision or action (in this case a development proposal), and any social change processes invoked by them.


·     Council requires the SIA be an effective tool to aid decision making and any assessments must therefore address the following:

o  Relevant policy and legislation and integrate policy priorities in the assessment ( e.g. affordable housing, equitable access to services, sustainable transport, integrated community facilities etc)

o  Acknowledgement of the values of local communities. That is, be informed by the things that are likely to impact on local community wellbeing

o  Identify impacts that are directly related to the proposed development (demonstrate the connection between the intervention and likely impact)


3.4 Who should complete a SIA?

·     A social impact assessment must be conducted by a suitably qualified person. Qualified practitioners include those that:

o  Have social science training and/or extensive experience in the field of community needs analysis and community consultation;

o  Are familiar with the types of information and may work in a range of fields including social planning, sociology, human geography, anthropology and town planning.


3.5 The SIA Report Format

Social Impact Assessments prepared for a development application should provide Council and the applicant with the following information:



Description of the proposed development including geographic location


Pre-change demographics of the suburb that the development is located in



Description of key stakeholders affected by the proposal. At minimum this should include:

-     Probable target group for the proposed development

-     Local resident profile

-     Local community profile ( eg key individuals /organisations using or engaged with the local area – eg schools, businesses, service providers etc)

-     Any specific communities of interest relevant to the area – eg Uni students, ATSI, CALD




Explanation of processes used to collect and consider feedback from key stakeholders 

Proposed Changes


Identify the key changes likely to occur from the proposed development:

-     Physical changes

-     Demographic (people) changes


For each aspect of change comment if they social change will be short/long term, passing/accumulating, positive/ negative.   


Probable Impacts


For each key stakeholder group, consider and comment on how the proposed changes are likely to impact on the following:

-     Health

-     Housing, including but not limited to

o  Interaction between new and existing development

-     Earning

o  Employment

o  Local Economy

-     Safety

-     Belonging

o  Community Identity and cohesion

o  Neighbourhood amenity

o  Cultural values

-     Access (to) and usage of

o  Community Facilities ( eg recreation facilities)

o  Transport

o  Community Services

-     Social equity

o  Displacement

o  Needs of disadvantaged groups


SIA Statement


Summary, including:

-     Key changes as a result of the proposed development

-     Key probable positive impacts and how they can be enhanced

-     Key probable negative impacts and the key actions in the mitigation plan that will manage these


Quality of SIA Report

Description of the report author, their qualifications and capacity to complete the assessment



3.6 Data Sources

There are numerous sources of data that can assist in the SIA process. Refer to Appendix 1 for a listing of data sources that you may wish to review.






Applicant determines the need for a SIA



Applicant completes the SIA in accordance with Council procedure and guidelines. Council provides guidance to the applicant as required



The applicant submits the completed SIA with the development application in accordance with Council’s requirements



Council evaluates and uses the SIA in considering the development application which it approves or refuses



The social impacts and adherence to conditions of consent are monitored




·     Affordable Housing In Parramatta LGA: A discussion paper. Parramatta City Council January 2009. Accessed at

·     International Principles for Social Impact Assessment prepared by Frank Vanclay for the International Association for Impact Assessment, May 2003. Accessed at

·     Parramatta City Council: Analysis of Housing Stress, 2009. prepared (infomed decisions). Accessed at

·     Parramatta City Council Affordable Housing Policy 2009 and Implementation Plan. Accessed at

·     Planning Institute Australia Social Impact Assessment Position Statement. Accessed at

·     Wilkinson, R & Marmot, N, 2003, Social Determinants of health: The Solid facts, Second Edition, WHO regional Office for Europe:



Version:                       1

Owner:                                    Outcomes and Development Unit

Review Date:             June 2012

Authorisation:              TBA



International Principles for Social Impact Assessment prepared by Frank Vanclay for the International Association for Impact Assessment, May 2003. Accessed at

Planning Institute Australia Social Impact Assessment Position Statement. Accessed at

Leichhardt Council. Leichhardt Council Social Impact Guidelines for Development Applicants, 18 August 2009

Holroyd City Council. How to complete a Social Impact Assessment, February 2004

Item 12.2 - Attachment 1

SIA Procedure for AHSEPP DA






AUSTRALIAN Government Agencies

Australian Bureau of Statistics



-     Census data (demographic, economic/employment, housing)

-     Manufacturing and retail censuses

-     Building and construction data

-     Economic and employment / unemployment data

-     Social trends data

-     Disability data

-     Victims of crime survey

-     Health data

-     Tourism data




Number of persons on social security benefits


Department of Education, Employment & Workplace Relations


DEEWR Small Area Labour Market Quarterly Statistics (unemployment rates, labour force data)



NSW Government Agencies

(All NSW Government agency web sites can be access from the following site: )

NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research (Attorney General’s Department)

-     Crime statistics for NSW and LGAs

-     Specialist crime data and comparative trend analysis

Department of Human Services (Community Services)


-     Supported accommodation information

-     Child abuse and domestic violence statistics

-     Childcare licence information


Department of Education and Training


-     Enrolments in government and private schools

-     Enrolment of special groups (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders; Non-English Speaking Background students)

NSW Office of Fair Trading


-     Rental Bond Board data (rents, type of dwellings)


Housing NSW



-     Waiting list numbers

-     Client profiles

-     Housing Stock Information

-     Boarding House data


Department of Transport




-     Passenger travel for all modes of transport (by traffic zones and statistical local areas)

-     Freight movement survey

-     Journey to work data

-     Information on future road and public transport

-     networks



Department of Planning & Infrastructure


-     Population projects (LGA and regions)

-     Demographic trend analyses

-     Urban Development Program (UDP) production data – new release areas

-     Metropolitan Urban Development Program (MUDP) production data – established areas

-     Employment Lands Development Program data

-     Housing data – quarterly Rent and Sales Report

-     Regional housing statistics and market analysis


NSW Health


-     In-patient statistics (casemix)

-     Community health data

-     Hospital facility data

-     Waiting list information

-     Range of health indicators (e.g. mortality data)

-     Alcohol and drug dependency data


NSW Police Force

-     Mapped crime data by local area commands (available through local police stations)

-     Crime data

-     Annual customer satisfaction surveys (levels of reporting and police response)

Tourism NSW


-     Visitor numbers (by country of origin)

-     Tourist expenditure data

-     Hotel / motel accommodation figures


NSW Lands & Property Management Authority


-     Average house prices by type of dwelling and locality (based on a ‘typical’ sale not survey data)



PARRAMATTA Local Government Area

(all sites below can be accessed via )


Community Profile


Parramatta’s key demographics e.g.

-     How many people live here

-     Who are we?

-     What do we do?

-     How do we live?


Thematic maps (as above)


Forecasts of key demographics based on assumptions and current data trends.


Parramatta City Council Website


Updated with relevant reports, publications data